Scripture – Exodus 19:9-25
The theophany in Exodus 19 sets the stage for God revealing Himself to the people of Israel through the spoken word in Exodus 20 and beyond. He’s preparing them to hear the Ten Commandments. He wants them to understand some things about Himself and He wants them to respond in certain ways as they listen to the Law being proclaimed. And primarily, God wants His people to fear Him.
Scripture describes two different kinds of fear: Servile Fear and Filial Fear.